Astronomy is perhaps the most clearly obvious example of a scientific discipline based on an intense interaction between accelerating tech and accelerating science. Think of the huge improvements in optical and radio telescopes over the last few decades. Think of our vastly increased understanding of celestial objects and processes.
Here is a superb example of what I mean. Check out this video of a solar flare. Astronomers were able to follow the action live, through a variety of filters. This tech may save lives one day.